# [詞彙Q&A] percent，percentage ，rate ，ratio ，proportion 有什麼區別?

1. percent (%)百分之(某數字) 一般都是有數字在前面的時候用 (數字＋percent of sb or sth)

for or out of every 100, shown by the symbol %

You got 20 percent of the answers right – that means one in every five.

Only 40 percent of people bothered to vote in the election.

2. percentage百分率

an amount of something, often expressed as a number out of 100

Percentage被放在 the後時，用單數形動詞：

E.g. The percentage of unemployed people in this city is relatively small. Nearly everyone works a full-time job.

E.g. A large percentage of children in the school come from single-parent families.

E.g. A large percentage of the crop has spoiled.

rate指的是比率，比值，率等，如tax rate稅率,crime rate犯罪率等。

the speed at which something happens or changes, or the amount or number of times it happens or changes in a particular period

Although she’s recovering from her illness, her rate of progress is quite slow.

I told my assistants to work at their own rate.

The taxi was going at a tremendous rate.

the growth/inflation/mortality/unemployment, etc. rate

The drug has a high success/failure rate.

ratio 指的是兩個量的比值，其實是強調相比、相除的關係; 比例 (必須有確切的數字)。

the relationship between two groups or amounts that expresses how much bigger one is than the other

The ratio of men to women at the conference was ten to one/10:1.

The school is trying to improve its student-teacher ratio (= the number of teachers compared with the number of students).

proportion有多種用法:

1. the number or amount of a group or part of something when compared to the whole

Children make up a large proportion of the world’s population.

The report shows that poor families spend a larger proportion of their total income on food.

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2. the number, amount, or level of one thing when compared to another

The proportion of women to men at my college was about five to one.

The chart shows how weight increases in proportion to height (= the increase in weight depends on the increase in height).

The level of crime in an area is almost always in direct proportion to the number of unemployed.

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BBC Podcast: 辨析四個表示“比率” 的近義詞：proportion, rate, ratio, percentage
https://bbc.in/2ROeuIi

## 對「[詞彙Q&A] percent，percentage ，rate ，ratio ，proportion 有什麼區別?」的想法

1. louise 說道：

老師好, 請問若是用 What percentage of …. 來當主詞, 其對應的動詞, 要用單數形? 還是要視 of 後的名詞來看? 謝謝. 例如: What percentage of people in the world have/has mobile devices? What percentage of buildings in California is/are two-story? What percentage of the air is oxygen? 再次謝謝老師!

• Nearly 25% of people in the world are…

Why is 25% of people are correct? The subject of this sentence is 25%. Fractions and percentages, like team and staff, can be either singular or plural depending on the object of the preposition following. In this case people is the object of the preposition of. We have already said that people is plural. Therefore, 25% becomes plural in meaning.

Example: Twelve percent of the building has/have been renovated.

The subject is twelve percent, which will be either singular or plural depending on the object of the preposition that follows. In this sentence, the object of the preposition is building, which is always singular. So the correct answer is has.