[詞彙區別] borrow, lend, loan 的區別

borrow, lend, loan 的區別

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borrow (v.)
是「借入; 貸入」, 用於金錢與任何物品; 後面接from+所借金錢或物品的主人.

subject + borrow (v.) + something (+ from someone)

1. I borrowed one thousand dollars from the bank.
2. My wife borrowed my credit card (from me<-redundant). (Time to call the police.)
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lend
是「借出; 貸出」, 用於金錢與任何物品; 後面接to+金錢或物品借予的對象.

subject + lend (v.) + something + to someone
1. We lent our car to Bob.

subject + lend + someone + something
1. He lent me $1000. I will pay him back tomorrow*.

*pay somebody back (something): phrase(向某人)還錢

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loan
當動詞用時, 與lend相同, 但專用於金錢的借出. 後面接to+金錢借予的對象. 當動詞不用於借入, 當名辭時則不限.

subject + loan (v) + something (usually $) + someone
1. The bank loaned 100,000 to me.

subject + loan (v.) + someone + something
1. The bank loaned me $100,000.
2. My friend loaned me his car.

subject + took out + a loan (n.)* + (of $).
1. I took out a huge (adj.) loan (n.) for my mortgage (房屋貸款;貸款)
2. I took out a $300,000 loan (n.).
3. I took out a loan of $300,000 from the bank.

*took out a loan: http://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/take+out+a+loan

cost, spend, take, pay 的用法
http://tinyurl.com/l6jas93

English explanation: http://www.uhv.edu/ac/newsletters/writing/grammartip2007.03.20.htm

http://www.elearnenglishlanguage.com/difficulties/borrowlendloan.html
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Related words:

debt 債務
mortgage 貸款; 房屋貸款
interest rates 利率
student loan 學生貸款
car loan 汽車貸款
default 不履行, 拖欠[(+on/in)]
bankruptcy 破產
loan shark 高利貸者

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Sources:
http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qid=1012061006702

http://kerlynb.hubpages.com/hub/Borrow-Lend-Loan-Common-Mistakes-in-English-as-a-Second-Language-ESL

http://www.elearnenglishlanguage.com/difficulties/borrowlendloan.html

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