[時事英文新聞] The Syrian Civil War

[時事英文新聞] The Syrian Civil War

May the war end soon and peace be returned to the people of Syria.

最近大家在美國大選中的新聞常聽到敘利亞內戰,但是相信很多人對這個議題還是非常陌生。敘利亞的人口總數比台灣略少,同樣是在大國夾縫間求生存。內戰至今已屆滿5年。2011年3月爆發內戰至今已超過40萬人在戰爭中死亡,而戰火仍未止息。

以下是關於敘利亞內戰時事英文詞彙,希望幫大家更了解國際大事。

syr


相關詞彙

The Syrian Civil War 敘利亞內戰

multi-sided armed conflict 多邊武裝衝突

international interventions 國際干預

escalated to… 升級為…

violently repressed protests 暴力鎮壓抗議

factions 派別

a loose alliance 非緊密的盟友關係

jihadist groups 聖戰者團體

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant* (ISIL) 伊黎伊斯蘭國

*Levant 黎凡特; 廣義上它指的是中東托魯斯山脈以南、地中海東岸、阿拉伯沙漠以北和上美索不達米亞以西的一大片地區

substantial support 可觀的支持

wage a proxy war 發動代理人戰爭/魁儡戰爭

loyal to…對…忠誠

Arab Spring 阿拉伯之春

hold power 握有權力

ruling party 執政黨

Sunnis 遜尼派

Shiites 什葉派

bio-weapon 生物武器

interim camp 臨時營地

special interest groups 特殊利益集團

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“The Syrian Civil War (敘利亞內戰) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict (多邊武裝衝突) in Syria in which international interventions (國際干預) have taken place. The war grew out of the unrest of the 2011 Arab Spring and escalated to (升級為) armed conflict after President Bashar al-Assad’s government violently repressed protests (暴力鎮壓) calling for his removal. The war is now being fought among several factions (派別): the Syrian Government and its various supporters, a loose alliance (非緊密的盟友關係) of Syrian Arab rebel groups, the Syrian Democratic Forces, Salafi jihadist groups (聖戰者團體) who often co-operate with the rebels, and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (伊黎伊斯蘭國). The factions receive substantial support (可觀的支持) from foreign powers, leading many to label the conflict a proxy war (魁儡戰爭) waged by both regional and global powers.”

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Video Explanation (English):https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKb9GVU8bHE

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Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syrian_Civil_War

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/a-staggering-new-death-toll-for-syrias-war-470000/

Image source: https://assets.bwbx.io/images/users/iqjWHBFdfxIU/i3dTfy1qAHmM/v5/-1x-1.jpg

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