[詞彙Q&A] compared, comparing, compare with, compare to

compare

compared 和 comparing在句子中怎麼用啊?

1. Compared with your classmates, you don’t study enough.
When you are compared (被動) with your classmates, you don’t study enough.

2. Comparing Option A with Option B, he chose A.
When he compared (主動) Option A with Option B, he chose B.

主動分詞與被動分詞:

https://www.englishok.com.tw/toeic/toeic-issue/english-grammar


compare with, compare to 的區別

一般來說,可用「compare A with/ to B」的句型,此時 compare to和with都可表「比較A和B的相異之處」。

https://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/compared-to-with-something

This rain is nothing compared to/with what we got yesterday.
與昨天的雨相比,這雨根本不算什麼。

但用 compared to 可以強調相同之處

I dare not compare my own works to those of Charles Dickens.
我不敢將自己的作品與查爾斯·狄更斯 (英國19世紀中期作家)的作品進行比較。

是如果用 compared with 可以用來表達彼此的差異

We should not compare apples with oranges as they are completely different.
(把蘋果跟橙作比較是沒有用的,因為它們跟本完全不同。)

更多觀點:

Source: https://www.dailywritingtips.com/compared-to-or-compared-with/ 



但有時「compare to」是表「比喻」,不可混淆。

“Compare A to B" 的意思則是「把A比作B」:

David compared his wife to the Devil.
David 把他的妻子比擬為魔鬼。

Life is often compared to a game.
人生常被比喻如一場遊戲。

更多資訊: https://www.lexico.com/grammar/compare-with-or-compare-to

Sources:
http://wenda.tianya.cn/question/0634d866381f1b0c
http://blog.udn.com/trjason/1595523
http://www.dailywritingtips.com/compared-to-or-compared-with/


心智圖詞彙攻略: https://bit.ly/31rvaFL

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