[詞彙Q&A] compared, comparing, compare with, compare to

compare

compared 和 comparing在句子中怎麼用啊?

1. Compared with your classmates, you don’t study enough.
When you are compared (被動) with your classmates, you don’t study enough.

2. Comparing Option A with Option B, he chose A.
When he compared (主動) Option A with Option B, he chose B.

主動分詞與被動分詞:

https://www.englishok.com.tw/toeic/toeic-issue/english-grammar
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compare with, compare to 的區別

有兩件事物相互比較時,要注意介系詞的用法。一般來說,可用「compare A with/ to B」的句型,此時with和to都可表「與…相比」;但有時「compare A to B」是表「比喻」,不可混淆。

“Compare A with B" 的意思是「把A和B作出比較」:
We should not compare apples with oranges as they are completely different.
(把蘋果跟橙作比較是沒有用的,因為它們跟本完全不同。)

“Compare A to B" 的意思則是「把A比作B」:
David compared his wife to the Devil.
(David 把他的妻子比擬為魔鬼。)

更多資訊: https://www.lexico.com/grammar/compare-with-or-compare-to

Sources:
http://wenda.tianya.cn/question/0634d866381f1b0c
http://blog.udn.com/trjason/1595523
http://www.dailywritingtips.com/compared-to-or-compared-with/


心智圖詞彙攻略: https://bit.ly/31rvaFL

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