U7 Vocabulary Words: Archaeology and Ancient History
1. Go over vocabulary words:
Agriculture and the First Civilization
Agriculture TPO :
Ancient Civilizations and Trade TPO:
Grammar: Inanimate Subjects and Dummy Subjects
Go over grammar patterns:
Gerunds and Infinitives 動名詞與不定詞
Inanimate-subject sentences 無靈主語句
False or Dummy Subject 假或虛主詞
3. Go over student essays. Make sure you read common writing errors:
Common Writing Errors [常犯的寫作錯誤]
1. 托福閱讀基礎: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3saIPNcK4dE
2. 快速閱讀方式 (skimming): https://www.notefull.com/content.php?pgID=363
3. 托福閱讀技巧: www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfJXyGkDLZc
4. 托福閱讀題型分類: http://www.testden.com/toefl/reading.htm (English);
How to send Homework:
Choose ONE of the following tasks:
1. Fossil Trade
Reading – p. 6
Listening – http://www.smartpigai.com/toefl-writing/integrated-756
2. Zebra Mussel
Reading – p. 7
Listening – http://www.smartpigai.com/toefl-writing/integrated-769
3. Do you A/D? The advice from our grandparents has no use for their grandchildren because the world changed a lot during the past 50 years.
Due to contemporary society rapidly changing, an increasing number of people begin to question the advice and suggestions given to them by their elders. Some are of the opinion that since society has changed significantly in past 50 years, the advice from their grandparents is no longer applicable. Nevertheless, I contend that one’s grandparents can still give him or her useful suggestions even though modern society is drastically different.
The most critical reason is that some timeless advice, such as how to interact with other people, is still useful. For example, a typical advice given by grandparents is to always be decent and responsible. Grandparents may also teach their grandchildren to be modest and polite to others. While seemingly useless at first glance, these social rules and norms help children forge relationships and function in society.
Additionally, grandparents can provide the younger generation with an amble amount of valuable life experience. The youth has the opportunity to learn how to deal with and handle difficult relationship problems from their elders by drawing from their grandparents’ life stories and experience. For instance, grandparents can show children how to communicate effectively and even with relationship problems with friends, family members, or even loved ones. All of these valuable skills are unlikely to affected by the passing of time as human nature and associated problems are likely to remain much the same.
By contrast, there is the common opinion that the advice from people’ grandparents has no use because society has changed greatly in past 50 years. To further elaborate, the moral lessons they preach they use are no longer accepted by society. Individuals need to be bold, open-minded, and even aggressive in order to succeed, and old-fashioned values like modesty are no longer valued. Further, even the more practical advice given by grandparents may be outdated. Career advice from elders, for example, are not applicable in today’s society because the job market is always shifting. Admittedly, there is much truth in these claims (concede). However, one must still consider that some of the advice given by grandparents is still valuable. The advantages of following some of these suggestions are great if people are careful about what advice to heed.
In sum, although some feel that the advice has lost its usefulness due to the changing times, grandparents can still give the youth valuable and timeless lessons on social norms and issues (404 words).
5. Do you agree or disagree with the statement that the personal and work-related challenges that young people are facing are not different with their parents and grandparents faced when they were young.
An increasing number of people begin to discuss whether contemporary people’s problems are different from their elders’ problems. Many people are of the opinion that the problems are still similar because people have always had similar values. However, I strongly contend that issues faced by individuals are completely different for the following reasons.
The most critical reason is that personal problems have become far more complex since there is far more interaction between people today. That is to say, the process of urbanization has forced people to congregate in crowded cities; as a result, people have little choice but to interact with dozens of people on a daily basis. In contrast, interaction and relationships with others was significantly lower in the past as the population density was lower. Thus, there were fewer social problems because individuals simply didn’t encounter as many people.
Additionally, the relationship between people have also changed as they have become increasing distant emotionally despite living closely to one another. Individuals rely on technological devices to interact with each other and have little face-to-face interaction. Relationships are often casually formed and just as casually discarded. Take the Taiwanese people living in the city of Taipei as an example. Around 6 million Taiwanese are packed into this tiny capital city in the north of Taiwan. Space is limited so residents often have to live in expensive yet small apartments. People reside closely next to others, yet, they seldom interact personally with their neighbors or associates. Instead, they pour hours on their cell phones and computers, browsing websites and chatting with casual friends whom they probably have never met. Consequently, these relationships are seldom stable and the problems that come with them are often drastically different from the past.
Lastly, work-related challenges are far more diverse than in the past. In the past, most generally lived and worked close to their hometowns, and few had to interact with those outside their neighborhoods. However, most contemporary adults work in urbanized centers and face intense competition from people around the world. Even when there is no competition, workers often have to communicate to customers and clients from across the globe no matter the industry. Taiwan’s economy has gone through near complete globalization, and the workers here have to interact with foreigners on a daily basis. This relatively recent phenomenon has caused a multitude of problems as numerous workers simply cannot adapt to constant shift in industries and skills needed in a highly globalized and competitive market.
In sum, although there may be lingering disagreement on the issue, one can still safely come to the conclusion that the personal and work-related challenges of today are drastically different from the past. That is, urbanization and globalization have completely transformed society in the past half century and people’s problems have become different as a result of this trend.
6. People now are more likely to give time and energy to improve the world than young people in the past.
7. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teaching is harder than it was in the past.
8. Do you agree or disagree? In the past, teachers have more influence on young people than nowadays.
9. Do you A/D? People are easier to get educated today than in the past./ It is easier to be educated today than it was in the past.
10. A/D? In the past young people are more depended on their parents in making decision. Today, young people are better able to make decisions in their own lives.
11. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: People rely on their neighbors less now than they did in the past.
12. A/D? People in the past ate healthier (food) than people do today.
U7A Grammar Answers
I am from Winchester, Hampshire. Winchester is a city in United Kingdom. I live in a town called Taunton which is on the River Tone. I live in a house in a quiet street in the countryside. The street is called “Hudson Street" and the house is old – more than 100 years old! I am an English lecturer at a college near the center of town. I like books, music and taking photographs. I usually have lunch at college. I usually go home by car. We have all kinds of food in England. I like Polish food very much. Sometimes, I go to a Polish restaurant in Bath. The restaurant is called “Magda’s". Polish food is delicious!