Vocabulary and Grammar Lesson 3

Vocabulary Words: Environmental Protection and Geography

https://www.smc.edu/ACG/Marketing/Events/Documents/Environmental%20PS.jpg

https://esenglishlounge.com/2015/12/22/environmental-issues/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_issue (Reading)


Lesson 3 Grammar Handout: https://goo.gl/PnXABH

文法指南 Grammar Guide: http://tinyurl.com/kdhs9d8

文法Q&A Grammar Q&A: http://tinyurl.com/mdd24tp

詞彙區別 Vocab Q&A: http://tinyurl.com/mzmvsns

Conjunctions and Conjunctive Adverbs 對等連接詞,從屬連接詞, 相關連接詞, 連接副詞

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conjunctions.htm (Conjunctions- English)

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/transitions.htm#transitions (Conjunctive Adverbs/Transition Words- English)

http://englishhome.org/grammar/conjunctions.htm (Chinese)

http://www.taiwantestcentral.com/Grammar/Title.aspx?ID=8 (Chinese)


Transition Words Exercise:
(p. 12 in TOEFL Vocabulary Words and Grammar L3A, p. 202 in the TOEFL Writing Book)

1 Polls show that Tony Blair is the most popular Prime Minister this century. However, there are even members of his own party who are uneasy with his approach.

However indicates that what follows is something of a contradiction or an exception.

2 There are some slight variations in temperature, but as a rule 26 to 27ºC should be expected.

As a rule shows you are about to make a generalization.

3 The two main Channel Islands, namely Jersey and Guernsey, are much closer to France than to England.

You are actually naming the two islands mentioned, so namely is used.

4 It was announced that nurses’ working hours would be increased by 25%. As a result , even fewer trainee nurses are expected to join the profession.

The second sentence is a result or consequence of the first. So that must be followed by a verb.

5 Sales of CDs have experienced a small but steady fall over the past 12 months.In contrast , vinyl records have seen an increase in their share of the market, up to 1.7%.

The second sentence contrasts vinyl with CDs.

6 The Vice Chancellor explained that in light of the current financial climate and because of unexpected bad debts, it would be necessary to peg salary levels at their current level for all grades of staff. In other words , no-one was getting a pay rise.

The second sentence says the same as the first, but in a much simpler way (reformulation).

7 It is clear, therefore, that the situation in Brazil will improve only slowly. With reference to the economic problems being experienced in Japan, the outlook is slightly more optimistic.

The second sentence deals with a new aspect/point.

8 In order to try to reduce car use in the inner cities, the government has announced new restrictions on company parking spaces and in addition, a new tax on individual car use.

Reinforcement of the idea; an extra point. As well as must be immediately followed by a noun or verb.

9 Essays must be handed in by the deadline, otherwise they will not be marked.

The second part is a consequence of the first.

10 Even though it has been shown that fractures can occur at even relatively low pressures, the use of the material should not be completely discounted.

The idea of concession again; the second part is somewhat unexpected.

If conditionals 條件和假設句

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional2.htm (English)

http://www.taiwantestcentral.com/Grammar/Title.aspx?ID=481 (Chinese)

Mixed Conditionals 混合條件句

http://www.englishpage.com/conditional/mixedconditional.html (English)

http://diqiuxiang.blog.hexun.com.tw/36356627_d.html (Chinese)

Subjunctive 虛擬句式

http://www.englishpage.com/minitutorials/subjunctive.html

http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-subjunctive.htm

Origin and explanation: http://www.ceafinney.com/subjunctive/excerpts.html


3. Go over new reading: Yes, No, Nit Given.

4. Go over additional reading.

5. Quickly go over line graphs: http://ielts.xdf.cn/201404/9966767.html

http://ielts.xdf.cn/201509/10350346.html


 ✎ Free IELTS Essays by Category
http://www.51pigai.com/ielts-essay

✎ Free IELTS Writing Videos: 雅思寫作影片+ 範文
Task 1 Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x1E2wLW9pn8
Task 2 Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoL5nDUMqvU

✎ 學術寫作 Task 1 範文:
http://www.ielts-exam.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=7&id=20&Itemid=32; http://ielts-simon.com/ielts-help-and-english-pr/ielts-writing-task-1/

✎ 學術寫作 Task 2 範文:
http://www.ielts-exam.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=7&id=15&Itemid=28;http://ieltsielts.com/category/ielts-writing/page/2/;http://www.ieltspodcast.com/band-9-sample-essays/

✎ IELTS Writing Band Descriptors (評分標準):
http://www.ielts.org/PDF/UOBDs_WritingT1.pdf
http://www.ielts.org/PDF/UOBDs_WritingT2.pdf

✎ Eric’s 雅思學習團-寫作練習 PPT: http://goo.gl/OLJ4Ja


Study Guide: https://www.dropbox.com/s/2h1os295ijtt98s/IELTS%20Study%20Guide.pdf?dl=0 

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