Vocabulary and Grammar Lesson 4

Vocabulary Words

Reading in your IELTS Book.

Missing answers to Fraud in Science
1. abandon, 2. concoctive, 3. a cumulative process, 4. function, 5. the lab chief

Missing answers to the last reading (Rapid, Urban, and Flexible)
1. True, 2. True, 3. Not Given, 4. False, 5. True, 6. True, 7. Not Given, 8. False, 9. False, 10. True

Reading and Listening

IELTS

TOEFL

News


Grammar

Grammar Handout: Link

文法指南 Grammar Guide: http://tinyurl.com/kdhs9d8

Conjunctions and Conjunctive Adverbs 對等連接詞,從屬連接詞, 相關連接詞, 連接副詞

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conjunctions.htm (Conjunctions- English)

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/transitions.htm#transitions (Conjunctive Adverbs/Transition Words- English)

http://englishhome.org/grammar/conjunctions.htm (Chinese)

http://www.taiwantestcentral.com/Grammar/Title.aspx?ID=8 (Chinese)

 


Sample Prompts and Notes


Some people think the technology makes life complex, so we should make the life simpler without using the technology. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Whether technology makes life more complicated is widely discussed. Some may feel that life will become far more complex because of advanced technology, and people ought to stop using it to make life simpler. Nevertheless, I contend that changes in technology actually make life better and simpler.

To begin with, some critics may argue that technological advancements worsen life by complicating it. That is, computer and internet technology can cause information overload, so it takes people a longer time to verify whether information is accurate or not. Additionally, although technological devices such as computers, tablets, and smart phone have brought instant communication, they also bring a multitude of social problems.

On the other hand, one must also consider the merits of …

MS: To begin with,; MS: Additionally,

In sum, while….(CA), XCA…

Also,…TS1


Some people think that robots are very important to human development. Others believe they are dangerous and have a negative effect on society.

In today’s high-tech society, an increasing number of people begin to discuss the topic of robots. Many people claim that robots are essential to human progress, while others believe they are harmful to human society. Thus, it is the aim of this essay to examine both views before reaching a sound conclusion.

To begin with, it is advantageous for societies to have robots because they benefit human society. To further elaborate, the introduction and development of robots in society reduces manual labor industries that require heavy lifting and carrying cargo such as the automobile manufacturing and construction industries. Additionally, cutting-edge robotic technology provides medical care, chiefly surgery, care for the elderly, and even hospice care. In Taiwan, robots are used for complex surgeries such as cardiovascular and intestinal operations. The success rates of these surgeries are much higher than traditional ones that are done by human doctors. That is, robotic hands are steady and sterilized, so they have a higher chance of success.

TS2: robots are dangerous and have negative effects

MS: reduce job opportunities

MS: military use, harmful to some nations, use for terrorism

Conclusion

TS1 > TS2


More resources:

✎ Free IELTS Writing Videos: 雅思寫作影片+ 範文
Task 1 Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x1E2wLW9pn8
Task 2 Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoL5nDUMqvU

✎ 學術寫作 Task 1 範文:
http://www.ielts-exam.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=7&id=20&Itemid=32;http://ielts-simon.com/ielts-help-and-english-pr/ielts-writing-task-1/

✎ 學術寫作 Task 2 範文:
http://www.ielts-exam.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=7&id=15&Itemid=28;http://ieltsielts.com/category/ielts-writing/page/2/;http://www.ieltspodcast.com/band-9-sample-essays/

✎ IELTS Writing Band Descriptors (評分標準):
http://www.ielts.org/PDF/UOBDs_WritingT1.pdf
http://www.ielts.org/PDF/UOBDs_WritingT2.pdf

✎ Free IELTS Essays by Category
http://www.51pigai.com/ielts-essay

✎ Eric’s 雅思學習團-寫作練習 PPT: http://goo.gl/OLJ4Ja

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