同學們，在寫學術文章的時候是不是很難區分thus, therefore, hence？
1. Thus 的意思是「以這樣的方式」或「藉由如此」。
“Thus” means “in this/that way.” It relates to “HOW” – the manner in which – how something happens or comes about.
E.g. The university has drastically lowered its tuition, thus (in this way) allowing many more people the chance of higher education.
2. Thus 另外一個意思是「因此」或「於是」。
“Thus” also means as a result of something just mentioned. It, when used as a conjunctive adverb, is similar in meaning to “therefore.”
E.g. It has been discovered that using scents can trigger the sensations of love, comfort, and happiness. Thus, the sense of smell can be used as a strategy to invoke new responses in consumers.
3. Thus far 的意思則是「到目前為止 」或「迄今」。
E.g. He has invested $ 12 million thus far. He will most likely invest more in the future.
Therefore 前面的句子提供了證據支持某個結論，而該結論將出現在下一個含有 therefore的句子中。Therefore在數學證明中是常見的。
“Therefore” means “for this reason,” or “because of this or that” – it relates to deductive reasoning, it tells WHY this or that is so, or happened.
E.g. He was late and therefore (for this reason) missed the bus.
E.g. There are frequent rock slides in that area. Therefore, no one is allowed to enter.
1. Hence意思是「 因此」或「 導致」，字義是跟there￼fore相同，但用法不同。
We suspect that the agency is trying to hide something, hence the need for an independent inquiry.
2. Hence 在正式(科學)的文章可以當轉折詞，意思仍然是「 因此」。
The cost of transport is a major expense for an industry. Hence(,) factory location is an important consideration.