[時事英文] A Potential Trade War with China

[時事英文] A Potential Trade War with China

當我們的媒體還忙著在討論某某小孩涉嫌恐嚇,我相信同學更可以把注意力放在比較重要的國際新聞,例如最近大幅度報導的「潛在中美貿易戰」來學習一下英文和更了解世界大事。

錄音檔:

★★★★★★★★★★★★

1. potential trade war 潛在的貿易戰
2. put into effect 落實
3. steel and aluminum tariffs 鋼鐵和鋁關稅
4. trade sanctions 貿易制裁
5. retaliate against 報復
6. likely targets 可能的目標
7. political constituencies 政治支持者
8. double down 雙倍下注
9. slap tariff on 加徵關稅
10. escalate a dispute 升級爭端
11. unfair retaliation 不公正的報復
12. hit by tariffs 受關稅影響
13. direct reaction to 直接反應
14. remedy its misconduct 糾正其不當行為
15. impose tariff 徵收
16. protect technology and intellectual property 保護技術和知識產權
17. high-stakes gamble 高風險的賭博
18. coercive tactics 強製手段
19. spook financial markets 嚇壞金融市場
20. bring about 引起, 造成
21. initial round of 首輪
22. artificial intelligence, robotics and autonomous vehicles 人工智能,機器人和自動駕駛汽車
23. place levies on 徵稅
24. depend on agriculture 取決於農業
25. derail global economic expansion 阻撓全球經濟擴張
26. tit-for-tat 以牙還牙
27. will not back down 永不退縮
28. follow suit 跟隨
29. send financial markets spinning 導致金融市場翻天覆地
30. trade protectionism 貿易保護主義

★★★★★★★★★★★★

President Trump said Thursday that the United States would consider slapping tariffs on an additional $100 billion in Chinese goods, escalating a potentially damaging trade dispute with Beijing. Mr. Trump said in a statement that he was responding to “unfair retaliation” by China, which published a list of $50 billion in American products that would be hit by tariffs. That move was a direct reaction to the tariffs on $50 billion in Chinese goods that the White House announced on Tuesday.

The move is a high-stakes gamble aimed at forcing China to make the kinds of changes that the United States is seeking — namely reducing the coercive tactics to dominate leading-edge industries like artificial intelligence, robotics and autonomous vehicles. But the move could ultimately bring about the kind of retaliation from Beijing that has spooked financial markets.

It also means that the United States would be somewhat more likely to place levies on Chinese products that American households routinely purchase, like furniture, clothing or shoes — an outcome the Trump administration said it sought to avoid with its initial round of tariffs.

On Friday, a spokesman for China’s Ministry of Commerce accused the United States of starting the conflict, and said that if the United States followed through with its threats, “The Chinese side will follow suit to the end and will not hesitate to pay any price and will definitely fight back."

錄音檔:

Sources:

https://cn.nytimes.com/business/20180302/trump-tariff-steel-aluminum-explain/zh-hant/

https://cn.nytimes.com/china/20161123/a-trade-war-against-china-might-be-a-fight-trump-couldnt-win/zh-hant/dual/

https://cn.wsj.com/articles/CT-BIZ-20180404150736

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