[時事英文] 原來好朋友連腦電波都一樣~

[時事英文] 原來好朋友連腦電波都一樣~
在紐約時報看到的文章,同學覺得符合事實嗎?
 

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1. roots/foundation of friendship 友誼的根基
2. extend deeper 延伸得更深
3. …than previously suspected 比之前猜想的…
4. ebbs and swells of… …的起落 (ebb 落潮,swell 洶湧)
 
New research suggests the roots of friendship extend even deeper than previously suspected. Scientists have found that the brains of close friends respond in remarkably similar ways as they view a series of short videos: the same ebbs and swells of attention and distraction, the same peaking of reward processing here, boredom alerts there.
 
新的研究表明,友誼的根基比我們猜想的還要深。科學家們發現,親密的朋友在觀看一系列短片時,他們的大腦會以非常相似的方式做出反應:注意力的集中與分散有著相同的起落,時而出現相同的獎勵反應高峰,時而又有相同的厭倦警示。
 
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5. be struck by… 由於 …而震驚、留下深刻印象
6. exceptional magnitude 異常的強度
7. a cognitive scientist 一位認知科學家
 
“I was struck by the exceptional magnitude of similarity among friends,” said Carolyn Parkinson, a cognitive scientist at the University of California, Los Angeles. The results “were more persuasive than I would have thought.” 
 
「朋友之間這種相似程度讓我震驚,」加州大學洛杉磯分校(University of California, Los Angeles)的認知學家卡洛琳·帕金森(Carolyn Parkinson)說。結果「比我設想的更有說服力」。
 
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8. incredibly ingenious 非常有獨創性的
9. resemble each other 彼此相似
10. shape our world 塑造我們的世界
 
“I think it’s an incredibly ingenious paper,” said Nicholas Christakis, author of “Connected: The Power of Our Social Networks and How They Shape Our World” and a biosociologist at Yale University. “It suggests that friends resemble each other not just superficially, but in the very structures of their brains.”
 
「我認為這是一篇非常有獨創性的論文,」耶魯大學生物社會學家、《互聯——社會網路的力量以及它如何改變了我們的世界》(Connected: The Power of Our Social Networks and How They Shape Our World)一書的作者古樂朋(Nicholas Christakis)說。「這表明,朋友之間的彼此相似不只在表面,還存在於他們的大腦結構中。」
 
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11. tantalizing evidence 誘人的證據
12. vague sense 隱約的感覺
13. shared/common interests 共同的興趣
14. have good chemistry 來電、投緣,有默契
 
The findings offer tantalizing evidence for the vague sense we have that friendship is more than shared interests or checking off the right boxes on a Facebook profile. It’s about something we call good chemistry.
 
我們能夠隱約感覺到,友誼不只是擁有共同的興趣或是在Facebook個人資料中勾選過多少相應的選項。他們的調查結果給出了我們期待的證明。這與我們所說的「化學反應」有關。
 
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15. process the world around them 處理周圍世界
16. click easily 容易有默契、投緣
17. social interaction 社交互動
18. feel rewarding 感到滿足
 
“Our results suggest that friends might be similar in how they pay attention to and process the world around them,” Parkinson said. “That shared processing could make people click more easily and have the sort of seamless social interaction that can feel so rewarding.”
 
「我們的研究結果表明,朋友在如何關注和處理周圍世界的方面可能是相似的,」帕金森說。「這種共同的處理方式會讓人更容易成為朋友,擁有令人感到滿足的、彼此契合的社會交往。」
 
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分享給腦波一樣的朋友吧~

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