[詞彙區別] according to 與 based on 的用法區別

1. according to (prep.): 據…所說;按…所記載

as stated by someone

According to Sarah they’re not getting on very well at the moment.
據薩拉說,他們目前關係不是太好。
According to our records you owe us $130.
根據我們的紀錄,你欠我們130美元。


2. base sth on sth (phr. v.): 以…為基礎

If you base something (A) on facts or ideas (B), you use those facts or ideas (B) to develop it (A).

The film is based on a short story by Thomas Mann.
這齣電影是根據湯瑪斯·曼的短篇小說改編而成的。
What data are you basing your projections on?
什麼數據為基礎來進行預測?

The country economy is based on farming.
這個國家的經濟以農業為基礎。

Source:
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english-chinese-traditional/base-sth-on-sth

 


When using “according to," we directly refer to something or someone.

According to most scientists, climate change is real.

When using “based on," we use data/facts/idea as a base or guide to give an opinion.

Based on what scientists say, we should do all we can to slow down or stop climate change.


心智圖詞彙攻略報名: ericvocab.com

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