[時事英文] 兩分鐘全球英文新聞摘要 5.18.08

I. North Korea’s Nuclear Disarmament

1. nuclear disarmament 核裁
2. a high-wire act 走鋼索表演; 很危險,容易失誤的事
3. bring (one) back down to earth 把(一個人)帶回到了現實
4. put (one) in a difficult position 令(人)為難
5. sudden shift/turn 突然的轉折

North Korea’s sudden shift on the issue of nuclear disarmament has brought a diplomatic high-wire act back to earth, and has put the chief matchmaker, the South Korean leader Moon Jae-in, in a difficult position. The sudden turn is also a reminder that North Korea views disarmament very differently from the United States.

朝鮮在核裁明顯的轉變,讓一場外交走鋼索表演回到了現實,而且還令主要的「媒人」——韓國總統文在寅(Moon Jae-in)處在了為難的境地。這一突然出現的轉折也提醒著我們,即朝鮮對核裁軍的看法與美國非常不同。

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II. Defusing a Potential Trade War

6. in hopes of 希望
7. defuse a trade war 化解一場可貿易戰
8. in a bid to 試圖做某事
9. reduce the trade deficit 減少貿易逆差
10. trade concessions 貿易讓步

China’s chief trade negotiator is in Washington, where he’ll meet with US President Trump in hopes of defusing a potential trade war. He brings with him a mammoth package of promises to buy more American goods, in a bid to reduce the trade deficit that has enraged Mr. Trump. Officials said the package, which could approach the $200 billion in trade concessions that the White House demanded this month.

中國主要的貿易談判者劉鶴目前正在華盛頓,他將與財政部長史蒂芬·努欽(Steven Mnuchin)及川普總統會面,希望化解一場可能出現的貿易戰。他帶來了將購買更多美國商品的一攬子承諾,以減少令川普感到憤怒的貿易逆差。官員們表示,這一攬子承諾可能接近白宮在本月要求的2000億美元的貿易讓步,川普因此可以宣布,他在重新平衡美國與最大經濟對手關係的戰鬥中取得了重大勝利。

Full story: https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2018/05/17/us/politics/ap-us-united-states-china.html

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III. Harry and Meghan’s Royal Wedding

11. wedding fever 婚禮狂熱
12. grip 使入迷,吸引…的注意力
13. sixth in line to 第六位去
14. capitalize on 充分利用某事物
15. a singular moment 獨一無二的時刻
16. roll out 推出
17. all manners of 各種各樣的
18. commemorative items 紀念品

Royal wedding fever has gripped Britain, where Prince Harry, sixth in line to the throne, and Meghan Markle, an American actress, will be married tomorrow. To capitalize on this singular moment, companies are rolling out all manner of commemorative items.

王室婚禮熱已經籠罩著英國,在那裡,王位第六順位繼承人哈利與美國女演員梅根·馬克爾(Meghan Markle)將於明日成婚。為了利用這一特別的時刻,各大公司推出了各式各樣的紀念品。
Full story: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/17/world/europe/royal-wedding-harry-meghan.html

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IV. The Gaza Fence

19. the Gaza Strip 加薩地帶
20. become a focal point 成為聚焦點
21. a generations-long conflict 延續一代代的衝突
22. arbitrarily 隨意
23. demarcation line分界線

A metal fence that divides the Gaza Strip from Israel has become the latest focal point in a generations-long conflict between Arabs and Jews in the area. At least 60 Palestinians were killed and hundreds wounded this week during protests against what they call an arbitrarily enforced demarcation line set by an occupier.

一道曲折蜿蜒、將加薩地帶與以色列分隔開來的金屬圍欄,成為了該地區阿拉伯人和猶太人延續一代代衝突的最新聚焦點。本週,在一場針對他們稱之為一名佔領者隨意強行劃出的分界線的抗議中,至少60名巴勒斯坦人喪生,成百上千人受傷。

Full story: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/16/world/middleeast/israel-gaza-fence.html

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Source:
https://cn.nytimes.com/morning-brief/20180518/north-korea-hawaii-meghan-markle-your-friday-briefing/zh-hant/dual/

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