[生活美語] What is the difference between tangyuan (湯圓) and yuanxiao (元宵)?
Today is the Lantern Festival according to the lunar calendar. Following tradition, it’s time to have glutinous rice balls, whose round shape symbolizes family unity, completeness, and happiness.
1. follow tradition 遵循傳統
2. it is time to… 是…的時候了
3. glutinous rice balls 糯米球: 湯圓; 糯米滋
4. symbolize 象徵
5. family unity, completeness, and happiness 家庭團圓，完整和幸福
In English, the delicacy made from glutinous rice flour has only one name. Yet in the Chinese language, some people call it tangyuan, while some yuanxiao.
6. delicacy 美食
7. tangyuan 湯圓
Are they really the same thing?
Normally, tangyuan is considered a traditional food in South China, and the latter in North China. The round shape of tangyuan is created by hand. You shape the rice flour dough into balls, create an indentation in the dough, add the filling, then close it up and smooth out the dumpling by rolling it between hands. Nowadays, different types of tangyuan come in rainbow-like colors.
9. shape (v.) 使成形，塑造
10. shape …into… 把…成形為…
11. indentation 物體表面的洞
12. dough 麵團，麵坯
13. add the filling 加餡料
14. rainbow-like colors 彩虹般的顏色
Though yuanxiao are also round, the shape is not made by hand. The fillings are pressed into hardened cores, dipped lightly in water and rolled in a flat basket containing dry glutinous rice flour. A layer of the flour sticks to the filling, which is then again dipped in water and rolled a second time in the rice flour. And so it goes, like rolling a snowball, until the dumpling is the desired size.
15. be pressed into… 被壓成…
16. hardened core 硬的核心
17. dip in 浸入
18. dry glutinous rice flour 乾糯米粉
19. rolling a snowball 滾雪球
20. the desired size 所需的大小
-traditional food in South China
-shaped by hand
-can have all kinds of filling
-can be kept in the refrigerator for a long time
-traditional food in North China
-not entirely shaped by hand
-usually contains sweet filling (red bean paste or black sesame)
-usually made and eaten within the day of the Lantern Festival
Image source: istyle.ltn.com.