VT Speaking Challenge 19: How Machines Learn 機器如何學習?

Vocabulary Challenge 19: https://tw.voicetube.com/everyday/20190703


Script:

Did you guys watch the video?! It is fascinating! I never knew that is how bots “learn” and “function.”For those of you who know computer science, is the information in the video accurate? I only took about a year of computer science in high school and do not have enough knowledge on this subject, but I learn some much from this! Definitely watch it. What words come to your mind when you think of computer science? Bots? Algorithm? Programs?

同學們看過這個影片了嗎?!真是太神奇了!我從來不知道機器人是這樣“學習”和“運作”的。理解computer science的同學,訊息是否準確?我在高中只花了大約一年的compiter science,對這個主題知之甚少,但我從影片中學到了很多東西!絕對要看它。當你想到計算機科學時會想到什麼單字?Bots? Algorithm? Programs?


It’s a reason why companies are obsessed with collecting data.

更多數據等於更長的測試等於更好的演算法機器人。


So let’s say this sentence again.

It’s a reason why companies are obsessed with collecting data.

Faster

It’s a reason why companies are obsessed with collecting data.


OK, you know this game. What are the possible thought groups? 「字組」

It’s a reason (1)
why companies are obsessed (2)
with collecting data.(3)

I strongly suggest just saying this mucg pause as the sentence is quite concise.

我建議不用停頓因為句子已經很簡略了。


How about intonation? 語調

It’s a reason why companies are obsessed (rise)
with collecting data. (fall)

Nice and easy here, just a short sentence.

We also use falling intonation when we say something definite, or when we want to be very clear about something.

當我們說出明確的話,或者當我們想要非常清楚某些事情時,我們也會使用下降語調。


What about the sentence stress? 句子的重音 You could say:

It’s a reason why companies are obsessed with collecting data.

So, here, we stressed reason, companies, obsessed, and collecting. the most important words that I want to emphasize are probably obsessed and collecting. Data is important but perhaps it is not stressed as much because when the listeners hear collecting, they already know data will be said given the context.


OK, it’s grammar time!!! 大家最愛的文法時間到了!!!

I chose this sentence because it is useful in your speech.

It’s a reason why companies are obsessed with collecting data.

Why did the sentence use “a reason” and not “the reason”?

A reason means that it could be one of many reasons.

The reason means it may be the only reason or a reason that everyone is familiar with.

Another point I want to make is the clause:

why companies are obsessed with collecting data.

This is an adjective clause modifying the noun reason.

You can use this in speech,

The reason why I am hungry is that I did not eat lunch.
The reason why companies want to collect your data is that they want to analyze your spending patterns.

Now, many will say, teacher, why do I have to use this structure? Grammar is so complex and useless.

I could just say companies want to collect data because they want your money.

This is much easier! Complex sentences suck.

the reason why is…wait, I just used it.

I want listeners to focus on a reason, which is why I used this pattern.

I then said

A reason why companies want to collect your data is to connect this idea with the previous sentence and also remind you about my main point.

So you see, there is a reason why certain sentence patterns exist. Understanding their functions in different contexts will allow you to choose the appropriate one in different contexts. This is quite important in writing and even speech.

關係副詞why的用法簡單而言,先行詞是reason,直接加上關係副詞why就行了。

句型:S+V+the reason+why+S+V.
Jack explained the reason why he did not go to school.
Jack 解釋他沒去學校的原因。


OK, let’s take a break!

Wow! Technology is amazing, but do you think computers will one day run everything? People have been afraid of technology usage since the industrial revolution. This group of people was called Luddites. They were English textile workers who destroyed textile machinery as a form of protest. They fear that technology will essentially allow factory owners to treat workers unfairly and people would lose their jobs.

My question to you is…do you think that artificial intelligence will one day replace all of us in the workforce? There is an interesting video called the Rise of Machines by Kurgesagt on YouTube, It claims that automation is different this time because technology is replacing more and more jobs without creating many new jobs. So, what do you think will happen? Will this change be positive for human society? Watch the video, do research, and think. But do more than think, make yourself irreplaceable.


OK, let’s get back to English learning!

Word Form
Word of the day!

1. algorithm

a set of mathematical instructions or rules that, especially if given to a computer, will help to calculate an answer to a problem

(尤指電腦使用的)演算法,計算程式

complex algorithm
複雜算法

Music apps use algorithms to predict the probability that music fans will like a particular band.

音樂應用程序使用算法來預測音樂粉絲喜歡特定樂隊的概率。

(n.) 
2. module

one of a set of separate parts that, when combined, form a complete whole

組件;模組

multiple modules 多個模塊
mathematical modules 數學模塊

The full computer program is made up of several modules (= small programs) which should be individually tested before being integrated.

電腦的整個程式由幾個模組組成,在整合之前須分別進行獨立測試。

(n.)
3. random

happening, done, or chosen by chance rather than according to a plan

任意的;隨機的;胡亂的

random checks/tests/attacks
隨機檢查/隨機測試/胡亂攻擊

We asked a random sample/selection of people what they thought.
我們隨機挑選一些人,問了他們的想法。

(adj.)
4. infinite

without limits; extremely large or great

無限的,無邊的;極大的

an infinite number/variety

無數/種類繁多

infinite possibilities

無限的可能

The universe is theoretically infinite.

從理論上來講,宇宙是無邊無際的。

With infinite patience, she explained the complex procedure to us.

她以極大的耐心向我們解釋這個複雜的程式。

 (adj.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. cycle

one in a series of movements that a machine performs

(機器的)工作週期,工作程式

the washing machine’s spin cycle

洗衣機脫水程序

the period of time needed for a machine to finish a process

This washing machine has a 50-minute cycle.

機器完成一個過程所需的時間

 這台洗衣機的周期為50分鐘。

(n.)

OK, I’m sure you guys are now experts on psychology and education! Are you ready to make a difference in your own lives and society? Having knowledge is important but what you do with that knowledge is even more important!

Today’s theme song is

The instrumentation was composed with artificial intelligence, lyrics and vocal melodies written byTaryn!!!

心智圖詞彙攻略: ericvocab.com

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