VT Speaking Challenge 23: A Day in the life of an Ancient Egyptian Doctor 古埃及醫生的一天

Vocabulary Challenge 23: https://tw.voicetube.com/everyday/20190731

Script:

I think many people are interested in Egyptian culture because of the mysteries of ancient Egypt. Even today, scientists do not fully know how the pyramids are constructed even though they do have many theories. Do you want to know some of these theories? No? Well, I’m still going to tell you, lol.


As soon as you walk in, you notice that there’s a kind of obsession with circles, with rectangles, with squares, with those kinds of perfect geometrical shapes.

你一走進去就會發現萬神殿對於圓形、長方形、正方形等幾何形狀的要求一絲不苟。


So let’s say this sentence again.

As soon as you walk in, you notice that there’s a kind of obsession with circles, with rectangles, with squares, with those kinds of perfect geometrical shapes.

Faster

As soon as you walk in, you notice that there’s a kind of obsession with circles, with rectangles, with squares, with those kinds of perfect geometrical shapes.


OK, you know this game. What are the possible thought groups? 「字組」

As soon as you walk in,  (1)

you notice that there’s a kind of obsession with circles, (2)

with rectangles, (3)

with squares,  (4)

with those kinds of perfect geometrical shapes. (5)


How about intonation? 語調

As soon as you walk in,  (rise)

you notice that there’s a kind of obsession with circles, (rise)

with rectangles, (rise)

with squares,  (rise)

with those kinds of perfect geometrical shapes. (fall)

  • Lists: rising, rising, rising, falling

What about the sentence stress? 句子的重音 You could say:

As soon as you walk in,  (1)

you notice that there’s a kind of obsession with circles, (2)

with rectangles, (3)

with squares,  (4)

with those kinds of perfect geometrical shapes. (5)

So the speaker is speaking in a voice that’s suitable for a formal setting. I mean, she’s in the pantheon and people are enjoying the architecture, she shouldn’t be overly stressing and speak in a very loud voice.


OK, it’s grammar time!!! 大家最愛的文法時間到了!!!

Today, we’re going to do something a little different. I want to mix speech with grammar and I want to show you how grammar can help you understand how people speak.

So listen to the sentence again:

As soon as you walk in,  (1)

you notice that there’s a kind of obsession with circles, (2)

with rectangles, (3)

with squares,  (4)

with those kinds of perfect geometrical shapes. (5)

Do you notice this “natural rhythm of the language (節奏,韻律)?

English is a very rhythmical language, so that a learner who can maintain the rhythm of the language is more likely to sound both natural and fluent. The two components of the system which have the greatest influence on rhythm are sentence stress and the various features of connected speech.

I want to ask you, why do you think this sentence as rhythm. There’s something special about the structure. Think about it.

there’s a kind of obsession with circles, (2)

with rectangles, (3)

with squares,  (4)

with those kinds of perfect geometrical shapes. (5)

This is called parallelism (句子)排比,平行結構 in the structure.

The speakers connect his lists with

“with n.”, with n…and this pattern makes it easier for listeners to understand. For example, after with circle, the listener will expect to hear with n.

He or she will not expect to hear a verb phrase like go shopping. So by keeping in mind parallelism in your speech and writing, you can make your speech and writing clearer to your audience!!!


OK, let’s take a break!

So all this talk of the Pantheon has made me think of Greek mythology. I still remember reading about Greek gods and heroes when I was a kid in elementary school, and I think my favorite story was the twelve labors of Hercules. Hercules was the son of the union between Zeus with the granddaughter of Perseus, who was another Greek hero, but Zeus was already had a wife: Hera. Thus Hera, understandably,  did not like Hercules very much and she even tried to kill him by sending two serpents to strangle him when he was just a baby. Of course, he survived. Through treachery, Hera made Hercules serve a sickly and vengeful king, who was afraid that Hercules would take his throne.

I’m not going to spoil the entire story for you but I will tell you what the story is generally about. It’s about Hercules completing the twelve labors and I think my favorite one was when he had to face a lion that could not be harmed by mortal weapons such as swords and spears. These stories were fascinating to me as a kid and definitely got me reading more about Greek culture. The Greek gods showed human qualities like rage, kindness, and even jealousy, and these qualities make them fascinating to read.

 


OK, let’s go back to vocabulary learning and go over some new words.

Word Form
Word of the day!

 

1. geometric

A geometric pattern or arrangement is made up of shapes such as squares,triangles, or rectangles.

幾何圖形的,幾何的

a geometric design of overlapping circles重疊的圓形幾何圖案

 

(adj.)
2. dome

 

a person employed before printing was invented to make copies of documents

(印刷術發明之前的)抄書吏,抄寫員

 

The scribe kept all records of daily transactions on stone tablets.

 

抄寫員在石碑上記錄了所有關於日常交易的記錄。 

(n.)
3. element

a part of something

 

部分;部件;要素

 

important/key/essential/vital etc element

 

重要/關鍵/必要/重要等元素

List the elements that make up a perfect dinner party.

列舉出盡善盡美的晚宴所有的構成要素。

The movie had all the elements of a good thriller.

這部電影具備了一部精彩的驚慄片的一切要素。

(n.)
4. align

 

to put two or more things into a straight line

 

使成一條直線;對準;校直

align yourself with somebody/something

 

與某人/某事對齊

When you’ve aligned the notch on the gun with the target, fire!

當槍的標尺、準星和目標成一條直線時,開火!

Align the ruler and the middle of the paper and then cut it straight.

讓尺子對齊紙的中線,然後沿尺子剪開。

 (v.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. perfect

 

to make something free from faults

使完美;改善,提高

He is keen to perfect his golfing technique.他熱衷於提升自己的高爾夫球技。

 

(v.)

Song of the week:

心智圖詞彙攻略: ericvocab.com

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