VT26 看看食物對大腦的影響!(How the food you eat affects your brain – Mia Nacamulli)

Vocabulary Challenge 26: https://tw.voicetube.com/everyday/20190821

Script:

Do you eat healthy? I try to. I mean, I know I have to eat three meals a day and get my starch from bread, protein from meat, vitamins and fiber from vegetables and fruits,

and…the meaning of life from junk food.

Yeah, I know I shouldn’t eat too much ice cream, or drink

coke, but it’s hard to resist sometimes

Do you eat a lot of junk food?

What words come to your mind when you think of nutrition and health?

Also, do we say eat healthy or eat healthily? I will provide you with an answer later.


In order for the brain to efficiently transform and synthesize these valuable nutrients, it needs fuel, and lots of it.

為了使大腦有效地轉化及合成這些寶貴的營養素,它需要燃料,而且是很多的燃料。


So let’s say this sentence again.

In order for the brain to efficiently transform and synthesize these valuable nutrients, it needs fuel, and lots of it.

Faster

In order for the brain to efficiently transform and synthesize these valuable nutrients, it needs fuel, and lots of it.


OK, you know this game. What are the possible thought groups? 「字組」

In order for the brain (1)
to efficiently transform (2)
and synthesize these valuable nutrients, (3)
it needs fuel, (4)
and lots of it.(5)

You can break it up into five groups. It’s true you can break it up into smaller chunks (for example and synthesize, these valuable nutrients), but you really need to have a balance of speed, pauses, stress, and also consider what you want your audience to focus on.


How about intonation? 語調

In order for the brain to efficiently transform (rise)
and synthesize these valuable nutrients, (rise)
it needs fuel, (fall)
and lots of it.(fall)


What about the sentence stress? 句子的重音 You could say:

In order for the brain to efficiently transform (rise)

and synthesize these valuable nutrients, (rise)

it needs fuel, (fall)

and lots of it.(fall)

Lots of key nouns are stressed here because they all contain important content that many listeners might not be familiar with.


OK, it’s grammar time!!! 大家最愛的文法時間到了!!!

Today’s sentence patterns is:

in order (for sb/sth) to do sth (ALSO in order that sth)

-with the aim of achieving something
為了,以便

He came home early in order to see the kids before they went to bed.他早回家是為了在孩子們睡覺前看到他們。

I agreed to her suggestion in order not to upset her. 為了不讓她傷心,我同意了她的建議。

In order (for them) to complete their paper, they must first do a lot of research.

以便他們完成論文,他們必須先做很多研究。


OK, let’s take a break!

So is it do you eat healthy? or, do you eat healthily?

In order to keep fit, we must eat healthy.
In order to keep fit, we must eat healthily.

I am sure most students would say, “eat healthily” because eat is a verb and healthily is an adverb.

Eat healthy does not make grammatical sense, but if you search Google, you will see that “eat healthy” is used about ten times more than “eat healthily.” Why?

A possible explanation:

We need to eat healthy food. Healthy is an adjective and food is a noun.

Some people will say we should just say eat healthily.


Others say we can use healthy as an adverb. So, eat healthy can mean eat healthily. This is quite common in American English.

So who should we believe. At this point, most English dictionaries do not recognize the use of “eat healthy” as correct.

The Oxford English Dictionary doesn’t recognize the usage. It has citations for “healthy” as an adjective going back to the 16th century, and for “healthily” as an adverb dating from the 17th century.

However, American Heritage now accepts “healthy” as an adverb meaning “so as to promote one’s health” or “in a healthy way.” The dictionary gives this example: “If you eat healthy, you’ll probably live longer.”


Nevertheless, seven of the eight standard dictionaries don’t accept the usage.Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.), like the other dictionaries we consulted, hasn’t yet made the leap. M-W’s entry for “healthy” gives only adjectival uses.


But it’s only a matter of time, before “healthy” is recognized as an adverb. That’s because the word is already widely used this way in common practice.


My suggestion is to be more formal when you are writing for academic purposes but if you hear people say “eat healthy” don’t be too quick to tell them they are wrong. Language is always evolving. In fact, in the late 19th century, people used to use

healthful as an adjective for food
And healthy to refer to people

A type of food is healthful while a person who eats it is healthy. However, now, people say “healthy food” all the time. We must keep in mind that language has different purposes and is evolving all the time. Rather than tell people they are wrong, we should examine why people communicate in a certain way in different situations.

Source: https://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2014/04/healthy-healthily.html 


OK, let’s go back to vocabulary learning and go over some new words.

Word Form
Word of the day!

nutrient
any substance that plants or animals need in order to live and grow

養分;營養物,滋養物

absorb nutrients 吸收營養

It’s good soil – full of nutrients.
這土壤肥沃——養分很充足。

A healthy diet should provide all your essential nutrients.

健康的飲食應該提供所有必需的營養。

(n.)
2. transform

to change completely the appearance or character of something or someone, especially so that that thing or person is improved

使徹底改觀;使大變樣

transform somebody/something (from something) into something

The reorganization will transform the entertainment industry.

這次重組將使娛樂業大為改觀。

(v.)
3. synthesize

to produce a substance by a chemical reaction in plants or animals

合成
There are many vitamins that the body cannot synthesize itself.
有很多維他命是人體無法自己合成的。

(v.)
4. protein 蛋白質

one of the many substances found in food such as meat, cheese, fish, or eggs, that is necessary for the body to grow and be strong

食物中發現的許多物質之一,如肉類,奶酪,魚或蛋,是身體生長和強壯所必需的

rich in protein 富含蛋白質

Meat and fish are vital sources of protein. 肉類和魚類是蛋白質的重要來源。

 (n.)

 

 

5. carbohydrate

one of several substances, such as sugar or starch, that provide the body with energy, or foods containing these substances such as bread, potatoes, pasta, and rice

碳水化合物,糖類;含碳水化合物的食物,澱粉質食物

contain carbohydrates 含有碳水化合物

He changed his diet to include more vitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates. 他改變了飲食習慣,包括更多的維生素,礦物質和碳水化合物。

(n.)

Song of the week:

OK, let’s eat!

心智圖詞彙攻略: ericvocab.com

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