Taiwanese factory owners in China face uncertainty ahead. Will their factories suffer losses, be closed permanently, or eventually be taken over by the government?
Fitfully and painfully — and with some worried prodding from Beijing — China is trying to reopen for business.
1. fitfully and painfully 斷斷續續且艱難地
2. prod somebody into (doing) something 激勵，促使，敦促
The world’s second-largest economy practically shut down three weeks ago as a viral outbreak sickened tens of thousands of people, unexpectedly lengthening a Chinese holiday. The freeze set off warnings that the global economy could be in jeopardy if the world’s pre-eminent manufacturing powerhouse stayed shut for long.
3. a viral outbreak 一場病毒疫情暴發
4. sicken thousands of people 數萬人患病
5. set off warnings發出警告
6. global economy 全球經濟
7. put…in jeopardy 將…置於危險之中
8. manufacturing powerhouse製造業強國
Chinese leaders called this past week for more emphasis on reviving the economy. But many of the factories that have reopened are operating well below capacity, say companies and experts. Quarantines, blocked roads and checkpoints are stopping millions of workers from returning to their jobs. Supply lines have been severed.
10. emphasis on 強調
11. revive the economy 復甦經濟
12. operate below capacity 以低於產能的狀態營運
13. return to work 回去上班、工作
14. sever supply lines 中斷供應線
“The kind of fear and freeze that has taken hold in terms of economic activity is likely to persist,” said George Magnus, a research associate at Oxford University’s China Center. “I don’t really see a good outcome.”
15. take (a) hold 變強；確立地位
16. in terms of 在…方面；從…方面來說；根據…來看
17. economic activity 經濟活動
18. a good outcome 好結果
The ripples have continued to spread around the world. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong of Singapore warned on Friday that the city-state could fall into recession as a result of the outbreak. Germany, Europe’s business powerhouse, on Friday reported slowing economic growth at the end of 2019, prompting fears the virus could delay a recovery.
19. fall into recession 陷入(經濟)衰退
20. business powerhouse 經濟強國
21. economic growth 經濟增長
22. prompt fears 激發恐懼
23. delay recovery 延緩(經濟)復甦
With the exception of factories producing medical protective equipment, which the Chinese government has asked to run around the clock, few businesses seem to be returning yet to their previous pace.
24. protective equipment 防護設備
25. run around the clock 全天候、24小時
Foxconn, the Taiwan company that makes iPhones and other gadgets on behalf of Apple and global electronics companies, declined to detail which plants have reopened since the Chinese holiday ended but denied a media report that it was aiming to reach 50 percent production levels by the end of this month. It did not respond to requests for additional comment. Apple also declined to comment, but its chief executive, Timothy D. Cook, said last month, without offering specifics, that some of its suppliers could be disrupted.
26. Foxconn 富士康
27. gadget 小器具；小裝置；小玩意兒
28. on behalf of代替
29. global electronics companies 全球電子設備企業
30. decline to detail 拒絕提供細節
31. aim to reach 目標達到
32. production level 生產水準
33. respond to requests 回應要求
34. decline to comment 拒絕評論
35. disrupt supply 干擾供應
為蘋果製造iPhone和其他小裝置的全球電子設備企業——台灣的富士康拒絕提供自中國春節假期結束以來哪家工廠已重新開工的具體信息，但否認了媒體的一條報導，報導稱富士康的目標是在本月底前恢復50%的生產。富士康沒有回覆記者讓公司進一步置評的請求。蘋果公司也拒絕置評，但首席執行官蒂莫西·D·庫克(Timothy D. Cook)上月曾說，公司的一些供應商可能會受干擾，但沒有提供具體細節。
The reopening of businesses means trying to bring together again much of China’s 700 million-strong labor force after what had become a nearly three-week national holiday. China’s containment efforts have effectively carved up the country. At least 760 million people — slightly over half the country’s population — are under various kinds of lockdown.
37. bring together 集合起來
38. labor force勞動力
39. containment efforts 抑制(疫情的)措施
40. carve up 分割，瓜分
41. under lockdown 在封鎖之下
The slow and partial reopening of factories could have a knock-on effect on businesses around the world. China Weaving Materials in Jiangxi Province said that its yarn factories would not open until Feb. 20. Other companies in China need the yarn to make fabric. In neighboring Vietnam, handbag factories are running short on fabric, zippers and various metal components that come mostly from China, said Tatiana Olchanetzky, a handbag manufacturing consultant in that country.
42. a knock-on effect 連鎖反應
43. run short on 面臨短缺
Restarting China’s factories is only part of the challenge. The country has a huge services and consumer sector, including shops and restaurants enjoyed by an increasingly affluent middle class. Those businesses have also been devastated by the outbreak, which has kept many Chinese families confined to their homes.
44. part of the challenge挑戰的一部分
45. services and consumer sector 服務業和消費者群體
46. affluent middle class 富裕的中產階級
47. be devastated by被…摧毀
48. be confined in something 被侷限在…
Amy Li, the owner of a Shanghai restaurant that specializes in northeastern Chinese cuisine, said that her eatery had little hope of reopening soon, like dozens of others nearby, and may not survive. “We don’t know when we can reopen,” Ms. Li said. “The future is a matter of fate.”
49. have little hope of 對…不抱希望
50. a matter of fate 聽天由命