[教育時評] Goodbye, SAT and ACT!

加州大學理事會(the University of California Board of Regents)投票通過,未來5年內加州大學系統內的十所高校將逐步停用SAT 和ACT的兩項考試成績作為入學標準,自2025年將完全期銷這兩項要求!!!

想讀加州大學,也許再也不用考SAT或ACT了。

Yay?

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《洛杉磯時報》報導:

In a decision that could reshape the nation’s college admissions process, University of California regents unanimously voted to suspend SAT and ACT testing requirements through 2024 and eliminate them for California students by 2025.

1. reshape the process 重塑一項流程
2. unanimously (團體)意見一致地;(決定或裁決)一致通過地
3. suspend 停止,暫停,中止
4. eliminate 消除

加利福尼亞大學董事一致投票通過一項可能重塑美國大學錄取流程的決定,在2024年前中止SAT和ACT測驗的要求,並在2025年對加州學生取消這項要求。

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Under the plan, standardized test results will be optional on applications for the next two years and then eliminated for California students in Years 3 and 4. By fall 2025, the UC system is aiming to have its own assessment. If none is developed by then, the university will drop the SAT and ACT tests entirely for California students and evaluate them using high school grades and a dozen other factors in its comprehensive review system.

5. under the plan 根據該計劃
6. standardized test 標準化測驗
7. optional 選擇性的
8. evaluate 評估
9. comprehensive review system 綜合審核系統

根據該計劃,標準化測驗結果將在未來兩年內成為選擇性的入學申請要求,然後在第三年第四年間淘汰不為加州學生所用。到2025年秋季,UC體系的目標是擁有自己的評估系統與標準。如屆時仍未開發,則該大學將針對加州學生完全捨棄SAT和ACT測試,並使用其高中成績和綜合審核系統中其他十二項因素對學生進行評估。

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The action by the nation’s premier public university system could mark a turning point in the long-running debate over whether the standardized tests unfairly discriminate against disadvantaged students or provide a useful tool to evaluate college applicants.

10. premier 首位的,首要的
11. public university system 公立大學體系
12. a turning point 轉折點
13. a long-running debate (n.) 長期辯論
14. discriminate against 對…歧視
15. disadvantaged students 弱勢學生

美國首屈一指的公立大學體系所採取之行動可能標誌著此一長期辯論的轉折點,這場辯論是關於標準化測驗是否不公地歧視弱勢學生,或為提供評估大學申請者的有用工具。

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Throughout the years, arguments over the value of the tests have intensified. Critics say the SAT and ACT are heavily influenced by race, income and parental education levels; question the exams’ value in predicting college success; and express concern about inequitable access to test prep. Those concerns have prompted more than 1,000 colleges and universities to drop the testing requirement. A lawsuit against the UC system also calls for the requirement to be dropped.

16. throughout the years 這些年來
17. be heavily influenced by 受…大幅影響
18. parental education levels 父母教育水平
19. inequitable 不公平的
20. test prep 考試準備
21. prompt (v.) 引起;導致;激起
22. a lawsuit against 針對…的訴訟

多年來,人們對測驗價值的爭論越發激烈。批評者表示,SAT和ACT受種族、收入和父母教育水平影響深刻,也質疑考試在預測大學的成功(表現)的價值,並對不公平的考試準備之獲取表示擔憂。這些擔憂促使超過1,000所大學和學院放棄了測驗要求。一樁針對UC體系的訴訟也提出解除該要求。

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UC experts will launch a feasibility study this summer to identify a new test that assesses what the university expects students to master to demonstrate readiness for college.

23. feasibility 可行性
24. readiness 準備就緒 ; 願意,樂意

加州大學的專家將在今年夏天啟動一項可行性研究,以確定一項新的測驗,來評估大學期望學生所掌握之知識以展示準備好上大學。

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《洛杉磯時報》完整報導:https://lat.ms/2XsUAkY

圖片出處:https://n.pr/3edPwaT

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教育時評:http://bit.ly/39ABON9

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