[時事英文] A New Strain of Swine Flu

研究稱新型豬流感病毒正在向人類傳播。
Lots of news on pork lately…🐷
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《紐約時報》報導:
🐷 Scientists Say New Strain of Swine Flu Virus Is Spreading to Humans
HONG KONG — A new strain of the H1N1 swine flu virus is spreading silently in workers on pig farms in China and should be “urgently” controlled to avoid another pandemic, a team of scientists says in a new study.
1. spread silently 悄然傳播
2. be controlled 被控制
3. avoid another pandemic 避免另一場大流行疾病
香港——一組科學家進行的一項新研究顯示,一種新型H1N1豬流感病毒正在中國養豬場的工人中悄然傳播,應該「立刻」加以控制,以避免出現另一場大流行。
outbreak, cluster, epidemic, endemic, pandemic 的用法區別: https://bit.ly/32qM6x8
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🐷 H1N1 is highly transmissible and spread around the world in 2009, killing about 285,000 people and morphing into seasonal flu. The newer strain, known as G4 EA H1N1, has been common on China’s pig farms since 2016 and replicates efficiently in human airways, according to the study published on Monday. So far, it has infected some people without causing disease, but health experts fear that could change without warning.
4. highly transmissible 有高傳染性
5. spread around the world 世界各地傳播
6. morph into 演變成
7. seasonal flu 季節性流感
8. a new strain 新型菌株
9. replicate efficiently 高效複製
10. human airways 人類呼吸道
11. change without warning 有預警下改變
2009年在世界各地傳播的H1N1病毒具有高傳染性,造成約28.5萬人死亡,並演變成季節性流感。週一發布的這項研究稱,該病毒的新型菌株「G4 EA H1N1」自2016年以來就常見於中國的養豬場,並能在人類呼吸道中高效複製。目前病毒已經感染了一些人,沒有引起疾病,但衛生專家擔心,這種情況可能在沒有預警的情況下發生改變。
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🐷 “G4 viruses have all the essential hallmarks of a candidate pandemic virus,” the study said, adding that controlling the spread in pigs and closely monitoring human populations “should be urgently implemented.”
12. essential hallmarks 特徵
13. pandemic virus 大流行病毒
14. control the spread 控制傳播
15. monitor human populations 監測人口
16. be urgently implemented 應立刻實施
「G4病毒具有候選大流行病毒的所有基本特徵,」該研究稱,並表示「應立刻」控制病毒在豬隻中的傳播,並密切監測人口情況。
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🐷 The study, published online in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is based on the surveillance of pigs in 10 Chinese provinces from 2011 to 2018. In the last three years of the study, researchers collected 338 blood samples from workers on 15 pig farms and 230 from people in nearby households.
17. be based on… 基於…
18. surveillance 監視,盯梢
19. collect blood samples 收集血樣
20. nearby households 附近的家庭
這篇在《美國國家科學院院刊》(Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)網站上發表的研究是基於2011年至2018年中國10個省份對豬只的監測結果。在研究的最後三年,研究人員提取了15個養豬場的工人的338份血樣,從養豬廠附近的家庭收集了230份血樣。
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🐷 Predicting risk is not a precise science, but close attention to the virus would be advisable, said Ian H. Brown, the head of the virology department at Britain’s Animal and Plant Health Agency and one of two scientists who reviewed the paper before it was published.
21. predict risks 風險預測
22. a precise science 一門精確科學
23. pay close attention to 密切關注
24. advisable 明智的;可取的;適當的
25. the virology department 病毒科
風險預測不是一門精確科學,但密切關注這一病毒是明智的,英國動植物衛生機構(Animal and Plant Health Agency)病毒科主任伊恩·H·布朗(Ian H. Brown)說,他也是對該論文進行了發表前審閱的兩名科學家之一。
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🐷 “It’s a very important study, and the virus looks quite dangerous,” Dr. Huang said. “We need to be worried about any disease with the potential to spread human to human.” Eurasian variations of H1N1 have been circulating in pigs in Europe and Asia for decades, the study said, but the incidence of G4 viruses in farmed Chinese pigs with respiratory symptoms began rising sharply after 2014.
26. look quite dangerous 看起來很危險
27. be worried about… 擔憂…
28. the potential to… …的可能
29. spread human to human 人傳人
30. variation 變化;變動
31. circulate in… 在…傳遞, 散佈
32. respiratory symptoms 呼吸道癥狀
33. begin rising sharply 開始急劇上升
「這是非常重要的研究,這種病毒看起來很危險,」黃立民說。「一切可能人傳人的疾病都需要引起我們的關切。」 該研究稱,數十年來,H1N1亞型病毒一直在歐洲和亞洲的豬隻間傳播,但在2014年以後,G4病毒在中國有呼吸道癥狀的養殖豬中的發病率開始急劇上升。
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🐷 Recent evidence “indicates that G4 EA H1N1 virus is a growing problem in pig farms, and the widespread circulation of G4 viruses in pigs inevitably increases their exposure to humans,” it said.
34. recent evidence 最近的證據
35. indicate 表明;顯示;暗示
36. a growing problem 日益嚴重的問題
37. widespread circulation 廣泛傳播
38. exposure (n.) to 接觸;面臨;遭受
文章還稱,最近的證據表明,「G4 EA H1N1病毒在養豬場是一個日益嚴重的問題,而G4病毒在豬隻間廣泛傳播不可避免地增加了人類感染的機率。」

《紐約時報》完整報導:https://nyti.ms/2QOsaPq

圖片出處:https://bit.ly/34WibzK

相關英文報導: https://youtu.be/Tm8WRd9-fDc

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