[時事英文] 美國總統大選最終辯論會

Who should Taiwan support? Consider the risks and opportunities involved.
在美國大選中台灣應該支持哪一方?讓我們來思考背後的風險與機會。
Do you want low short-term risk with fewer opportunities or high short-term risk with more opportunities? What about the long term?
是選擇低短期風險但較少機會,還是高短期風險但較多機會? 倘若放眼長期又該如何?
What risks and what opportunities? These are questions Taiwan must figure out.
這些都是台灣需要思考的問題。
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LIVE 2020美國總統大選 最終局辯論(即時同步口譯)
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文章來自《紐約時報》:
美國總統大選辯論,川普和拜登如何談論中國?
China loomed large in the debate, but largely as a caricatured place of shady deals and a deadly virus.
For a few fleeting moments on Thursday night, it looked as though President Trump and former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. might actually debate the nation’s greatest foreign policy challenge: its relationship with China.
1. loom large 顯得突出;變得嚴重
2. a few fleeting moments 幾個瞬間
3. look as though 看起來好像
週四晚上的幾個瞬間,川普總統和前副總統小約瑟夫·R.拜登(Joseph R. Biden Jr.)看起來好像真的是要就這個國家最大的外交政策挑戰: 美國與中國的關係展開辯論。
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But Mr. Trump quickly pivoted the conversation to unsubstantiated allegations that Mr. Biden enriched himself through his son’s dealings with Chinese officials. Mr. Biden, seeking to assert his tough-on-China credentials, recalled a trip to Beijing in 2013 when he pushed back on China’s attempt to control a wide swath of airspace in the contested East China Sea by requiring foreign planes to identify themselves when they flew through it.
4. pivot (v.) 轉動;扭曲
5. unsubstantiated allegations 未經證實的指控
6. enrich (v.) 使富有,使富裕
7. dealings(尤指商業上的)活動,往來;交易
8. a wide swath of 廣大的一片區域
9. contested (adj.) 有爭議的
但川普迅速將對話轉向未經證實的指控,即拜登通過其子與中國官員的往來斂財。尋求堅持其對華強硬形象的拜登則回憶起了2013年對北京的一次訪問,當時他對中國通過要求外國飛機在飛經受東海一大片爭議空域時表明身份,試圖控制該區域的做法發起反擊。
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The move ignited tensions with Japan, a key American ally, and Mr. Biden warned President Xi Jinping to show restraint. On Thursday, Mr. Biden referred to Mr. Xi as a thug and accused Mr. Trump of cozying up to him.
10. ignite tensions 激起緊張關係
11. show restraint 保持克制
12. cosy up (to sb) (處於謀私的目的)與…交好
中國的這一舉動激起了與美國關鍵盟友日本的緊張關係,拜登則警告習近平主席要保持克制。週四,拜登提到習近平時將其稱為「惡棍」,並指控川普巴結習近平。
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That was as far as the candidates got in discussing what many analysts view as one of the world’s most dangerous flash points — a place where Chinese and American warships might someday fire on each other.
13. flashpoint (暴力)即將爆發的地點(或階段)
對於在許多分析師看來是世界上最為危險的衝突爆發點之一——中國和美國戰艦可能有朝一日互相開火的地方,兩位候選人就只討論到了這裡。
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For the rest of the night, China became a watchword for allegations of shady business dealings, a deadly virus, and a carbon-glutted atmosphere, which Mr. Trump described as “filthy.”
14. a watchword 口號;標語;格言
15. shady business dealings 不正當的商業交易
16. filthy骯髒的、汙穢的
當晚剩下的時間裡,中國成為了對可疑商業交易、致命病毒,和一個碳排放過多的大氣(川普將其描述為「骯髒的」)的指稱的口號。
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Their exchanges on trade captured the caricatured role that China has played in the campaign. Mr. Trump repeated his erroneous claim that China is paying the United States billions of dollars because of his tariffs. In fact, most of those costs are passed on to American consumers.
17. caricatured role (諷刺)漫畫性/滑稽的角色*
18. erroneous claim 錯誤的說法
19. tariffs 關稅
20. pass on to 轉嫁到
兩人在貿易上的你來我往充分體現了中國在這場競選裡發揮的滑稽作用。川普重申了他錯誤的說法,即因為他的關稅,中國正在向美國支付數十億美元。實際上,關稅的大部分代價都轉嫁給了美國消費者。
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Mr. Biden claimed that the American trade deficit with China had gone up, not down, during the Trump presidency — not true, given the protectionist measures that Mr. Trump imposed.
21. trade deficit 貿易逆差
22. impose protectionist measures 實施保護主義措施
拜登則聲稱在川普擔任總統期間,美國對華貿易逆差有所增加,而不是減少了——鑒於川普實施的那些保護主義措施,這個說法也是錯誤的。
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The president said he pulled the United States out of the Paris climate accord because it did not impose the same demands on China, and other major developing economies, as it did on the United States.
23. pull out of 退出
24. the Paris climate accord/ Paris Agreement巴黎氣候協議
25. developing economies 發展中國家
總統表示他讓美國退出了巴黎氣候協議,因為該協議沒有讓中國和其他主要的發展中國家遵守像美國一樣的要求。
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Mr. Biden said he would rejoin the accord specifically to hold China to the pledges it made under that agreement. “We need to be having the rest of our friends with us saying to China — these are the rules,” Mr. Biden said. “You play by them or you’re going to pay the price for not playing by them, economically.”
26. rejoin the accord 重新加入該協議
27. pledge 承諾、保證
28. play by the rules 遵守規定
29. pay the price 付出代價
拜登則表示他會重新加入該協議,正是為了讓中國實現在該協議中做出的承諾。「我們需要讓我們剩下的朋友和我們一起向中國說——這些是規定,」拜登說。「你要麼遵守規定,要麼就要為不遵守規定在經濟上付出代價。」
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Though China loomed large over trade, climate, and geopolitics, Mr. Trump kept the focus on allegations that Mr. Biden’s son, Hunter, had tried to cash in with the Chinese on his father’s name.
30. loom large over 在…顯得突出 (此指顯得重要)
31. geopolitics 地緣政治
32. keep focus on聚焦在
33. cash in on sth 藉由某事牟利
儘管中國在貿易、氣候和地緣政治上都很重要,川普仍將重點放在了針對拜登兒子杭特(Hunter)的指控上,稱其試圖利用其父的名號在中國人那裡牟利。
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Mr. Biden fired back, noting the report in The New York Times that Mr. Trump had an undisclosed bank account in China.
34. fire back 反擊
35. an undisclosed bank account 未經披露的銀行帳戶
拜登則做出反擊,指出《紐約時報》上的報導稱川普在中國有一個未經披露的銀行帳戶。
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“I have many bank accounts and they’re all listed and they’re all over the place,” Mr. Trump replied. “I was a businessman doing business.”
36. all over the place 到處都有
「我有很多銀行帳戶,都是公開的,哪兒都有,」川普回答道。「我是個做生意的商人。」
紐約時報完整報導: https://nyti.ms/2J0vUN8
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選舉關鍵字彙 (167頁): https://bit.ly/3dA6CAu
美國總統大選首場辯論: https://bit.ly/3j5lDvv
川普拜登市民大會: https://bit.ly/37Ae7GT
時事英文講義:https://bit.ly/2XmRYXc

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