The policy of the Ministry of Justice, Taiwan with regard to abolition of the death penalty
The death penalty, with its basis in the theory of retribution, uses state power to deprive convicted criminals of their right to live and separate them from society forever. Since capital punishment is cruel and goes against the notion that punishment should encompass education, the abolition of the death penalty has gradually become a global trend. Many democratic and industrialized countries have completely or conditionally abolished the death penalty.
Whether to completely do away with the death penalty depends on the development of society, the maturity of concepts of law and order, and popular consensus and support. In opinion polls in recent years, around 80% of respondents have consistently opposed the abolition of the death penalty. Opposition falls to 40%, however, if complementary measures such as increases in upper sentencing limits and the threshold for parole for life imprisonment are included.
•do away with sth 全面廢除某事
Evidently, with consideration of complementary measures and education, public support for retribution may be reoriented and a general consensus formed on the gradual abolition of the death penalty. The Ministry of Justice will employ extensive discussion and research to form a popular consensus for abolition, and only then propose the necessary amendments to existing laws to extend human rights protection while maintaining public security.
•with consideration of 考量到…
Pros and Cons of the Death Penalty 死刑的利與弊
Arguments commonly made for supporting the death penalty are:
•To serve as an example to other would-be criminals, to deter them from committing murder or terrorist acts
•To punish the criminal for his/her act
•To obtain retribution on behalf of the victims
Arguments Against 反駁論點
Arguments commonly made to abolish the death penalty are:
•Death constitutes “cruel and unusual punishment" and the various means used by the state to kill a criminal are cruel.
•The death penalty is used disproportionately against the poor, who cannot afford expensive legal counsel, as well as against racial, ethnic and religious minorities.
•Wrongly convicted, innocent people have received death penalty sentences, and tragically, were killed by the state.
A rehabilitated criminal can make a morally valuable contribution to society.
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