「Spare」的各種用法

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「Spare us」中的「spare」是什麼意思?

哈利王子的回憶錄書名為 《Spare》(備用/備胎),而經濟學人這篇文章的標題則是 《Spare us》(放過/饒了我們吧)。

不錯,標語下得酸溜溜的,但卻說出許多人的心聲。

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來,快把各種「spare」的用法學起來吧!

📌 spare (adj.) 額外的,備用的;多餘的

If something is spare, it is available to use because it is extra.

•a spare key/tyre (tire) 備用鎖匙/輪胎
•spare time 空閒時間

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📌 spare (adj.) 瘦高的,瘦長的

(literary) tall and thin

•He had the spare build of a runner.
他有著賽跑運動員的瘦長體型。

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📌 spare (adj.) 簡樸的,未裝飾的

(literary usually approving) plain and not decorated

•The interior is spare, almost minimalist*.
內部是簡樸的,幾乎是最簡單的。

*minimalist 極簡抽象派藝術的,極簡抽象派風格的,簡約主義的

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📌 spare (v.) 饒恕;放過;不傷害

to not hurt or destroy something or someone

•They asked him to spare the women and children.
他們要他放過婦女和兒童。

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📌 spare (v.) (尤指在自己困難的情況下)抽出,撥出,擠出

to give time, money, or space to someone, especially when it is difficult for you

•[ + two objects ] Could you spare me £20?
你能抽出20英鎊給我嗎?

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更多「spare」的用法:

1. “Spare me the details" – used to ask someone to not give too much information

2. “In my spare time" – used to refer to the time when one is not working or occupied with other responsibilities
3. “Spare a thought/moment" – used to ask someone to consider or think about something
4. “Spare me the lecture" – used to ask someone to not give a long or detailed explanation or talk on a subject, especially if the person asking believes they already know the information or is not interested in hearing it
5. “Spare the rod, spoil the child" – a quote that means if you don’t discipline a child, they will turn out bad.
6. “Spare change" – small amount of money, usually coins, that is left over after paying for something.
7. “Spare me" – used to politely ask someone to stop doing something or to not say something. 

資料來源: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/spare

圖片出處: https://www.economist.com/britain/2023/01/10/prince-harrys-autobiography-is-an-ill-advised-romp

紐約時報報導: https://cn.nytimes.com/culture/20230111/prince-harry-spare-book/zh-hant/du

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