[詞彙區別] a number of 與 the number of 的區別

Q1: a number of 與 the number of 有什麼區別?
Q2: amount of,number of ,quantity of 有什麼區別?
「numbers」的圖片搜尋結果


A1:
1. A number of + 複數名詞 + 複數動詞
=some/或a lot of + 複數名詞 + 複數動詞

A number of people have protested the actions of the Philippine government.

Some/A lot of people have protested the actions of the Philippine government.

2. The number of + 複數名詞 + 單數動詞
The number of people in this nation has grown.

The number of cars in this city is greater than the number of parking spaces available.

Explanation:
http://grammartips.homestead.com/number.html
http://tinyurl.com/bafojzu

Sources:
http://www.english-for-students.com/Number-of-People.html
http://www.360doc.com/content/10/1103/06/0_66143634.shtml
http://bulo.hujiang.com/question/54867/
http://data.grammarbook.com/blog/singular-vs-plural/the-number-vs-a-number/

———————————————————

A2:
1. amount 通常跟不可數 (uncountable)、無生命 (inanimate) 的名詞連用

-The amount of stress I have to suffer during finals week is immeasurable (mostly because I did not study until the last week).
-My wife did NOT spent a very large amount of money yesterday. She only spent 100 NTD, which was all the money I had in my wallet.

2. number 跟可數 (countable)、有生命 (animate) 或無生命 (inanimate) 的名詞連用

-Only a small number of people were infected with the H7N9 strain of the bird flu.
-The president of (fill in the nation of your choice) has made a large number of mistakes.

3. quantity 通常跟可數或不可數、無生命的名詞連用

-There are large quantities of apples on sale in the market.
-A large quantity of imported beer has been sold.

Source: http://blog.cybertranslator.idv.tw/archives/3456

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